One person has died during demonstrations in Cuba over food shortages, high prices and other grievances against the government.
The interior ministry said on Tuesday that Diubis Laurencio Tejeda, 36, died during a clash on Monday between protesters and police in the Arroyo Naranjo municipality on the outskirts of Havana.
It said an unspecified number of people were arrested and there were some people injured, including some officers. The statement accused demonstrators of vandalising houses, setting fires and damaging power lines. It also alleged they attacked police and civilians with knives, stones and other objects.
The confirmation follows reports that scores of activists, protesters and journalists, including a reporter for one of Spain’s leading newspapers, have been detained as Communist party security forces seek to smother Sunday’s historic flare-up of dissent.
Erika Guevara-Rosas, Amnesty International’s Americas director, said at least 140 Cubans were believed to have been detained or had disappeared in the aftermath of Cuba’s largest demonstrations in decades.
“The idea is to punish those who dare to challenge the government … and send a message” that no further protests would be tolerated, said Guevara-Rosas, who said spontaneous and peaceful rallies had taken place in at least 48 separate locations, including Havana.
On Tuesday Spain’s foreign minister, José Manuel Albares, demanded the immediate release of Camila Acosta, a Cuban journalist who reports for a Spanish newspaper and was among those seized from their homes in the capital early on Monday.
“Spain defends the right to demonstrate freely and peacefully and asks the Cuban authorities to respect it. We unconditionally defend human rights,” Albares said on Twitter amid reports that Acosta, who reports for the conservative ABC paper, would be charged with crimes against state security.
Earlier this month the group Reporters Without Borders named the Cuban president, Miguel Díaz-Canel, as one of the “press freedom predators” of 2021, alongside Nicaragua’s authoritarian leader, Daniel Ortega, and Brazil’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, and called Cuba “Latin America’s worst media freedom violator”.
On Monday Díaz-Canel painted the protests – which erupted as Cuba faces a severe economic crunch exacerbated by US sanctions and a Covid pandemic that has shattered the island’s tourist industry – as part of a foreign plot to “fracture” the communist revolution launched by Fidel Castro in 1959.
A special forces vehicle patrols downtown Havana on Monday. Photograph: Alexandre Meneghini/Reuters
Carolina Barrero, a Havana-based activist, said the wave of detentions were intended “to erase” Sunday’s demonstrations and ensure there was no repeat. “[This] is a dictatorship – this is what they do,” Barrero said from her home in Havana, where she has been under house arrest since June.
Guevara-Rosas said internet shutdowns meant it was hard to verify the precise scale of the crackdown on demonstrators, who had been protesting against shortages of food and medicine as well as one-party rule. But targets appeared to include prominent human rights campaigners, independent journalists and one of the leaders of the Movimiento San Isidro, a collective of artists and activists that has been pushing for greater political freedoms.
Marta María Ramírez, 46, a feminist and LGBT activist, said she knew dozens of people who had been arrested, among them Gretel Medina, a young film director who is breastfeeding her baby son. “I’m very sad about the violent response from authorities,” Ramírez said.
“Police are repressive everywhere. But that’s not what’s proclaimed here – in Cuba they are supposed to be an organ of the people, they are supposed to protect the people.”
On Monday, Joe Biden called on Cuban authorities to respect citizen’s rights, “including the right of peaceful protest and the right to freely determine their own future”.
In a televised broadcast Cuba’s foreign minister, Bruno Rodríguez, hit back, attacking the “extraordinary cynicism and hypocrisy” of US politicians. Rodríguez urged the US president to stop the “brutal repression” that US police forces inflict on African Americans and journalists.
Rodríguez also slammed Bolsonaro after he accused Cuba of “massacring” its people’s freedoms. “Brazil’s president should sort out his performance which has contributed to the deplorable death of hundreds of thousands of Brazilians from Covid … and worry about the acts of corruption he is involved in rather than seeking to distract attention by casting a superficial eye on Cuba,” Rodríguez tweeted.
Albares, who was appointed foreign minister in Spain’s Socialist-led coalition government over the weekend, stopped short of condemning recent events in Cuba. In a statement released on Tuesday morning, his ministry urged Cuban authorities to “speed up the pace of reform” to help the island address the economic crisis and the lack of tourist revenues due to the Covid pandemic.
Cuban exiles in Miami announced seemingly half-baked plans to make the 10-hour boat journey from Florida to Cuba on Monday to offer the protesters supplies, support and perhaps even guns. The US coast guard indicated it was unlikely to allow flotillas to undertake the “dangerous and unforgiving” journey across the Florida straits and was monitoring attempts to make “unsafe and illegal” crossings.