The head of the UN and the US’ top diplomat warned action was needed to get food out of Ukraine and on to countries which depend on it (Picture: Reuters/PA)
The United Nations is holding talks with the Kremlin behind the scenes in a bid to avoid a global food crisis.
Ukraine’s vast agriculture industry has been disrupted by the war, triggering shortages in countries which rely on buying what its farms produce.
The cost of wheat has soured in recent months, fuelling the inflation in food prices that was already rising because of post-Covid supply chain problems.
US secretary of state Anthony Blinken has described shortages and price pressure as ‘the greatest global food security crisis of our time’.
Ukraine and Russia together produce almost a third of the world’s wheat and barley and half of its sunflower oil, according to the UN.
Russia and its ally Belarus are the world’s number two and three producers of potash, a key ingredient of fertiliser.
Secretary-general Antonio Guterres is pushing for a deal to alleviate the problem, revealing yesterday that ‘intense contacts’ are under way with Vladimir Putin’s government and others.
He told the assembly in New York he was ‘hopeful’ a deal could be struck which would allow the export of grain stored in Ukrainian ports and ensure Russian food and fertiliser have unrestricted access to global markets.
A Ukrainian farm worker Misha stands next to a tractor destroyed by a Russian tank shell on May 14 in Cherkska Lozova (Picture: Getty)
But he also told a ministerial meeting on the escalating food security crisis that ‘there is still a long way to go’.
Mr Guterres said global hunger levels ‘are at a new high’, with 276 million people – more than double the pre-pandemic number – facing severe food insecurity.
He said more than 500,000 people are living in famine conditions, an increase of more than 500% since 2016.
Mr Guterres warned: ‘There is no effective solution to the food crisis without reintegrating Ukraine’s food production, as well as the food and fertiliser produced by Russia and Belarus, into world markets, despite the war.’
He said the conflict is ‘amplifying and accelerating’ existing food productions problems, with the closure of Black Sea ports and the end of exports to developing countries a particular problem.
Ukraine, Turkey, the US and the EU have all been consulted on the talks, he said, adding: ‘The complex security, economic and financial implications require goodwill on all sides for a package deal to be reached.’
India’s government has banned wheat exports over fears rising prices could plunge people into poverty (Picture: NurPhoto/PA)
He continued: ‘I will not go into details because public statements could undermine the chances of success.’
David Beasley, head of the UN World Food Programme, said: ‘This is not just about Ukraine.
‘This is about the poorest of the poor around the world who are on the brink of starvation as we speak.
‘So I ask [Mr Putin], if you have any heart at all, to please open these ports… so that we can feed the poorest of the poor and avert famine, as we’ve done in the past, when nations in this room have stepped up together.’
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