EARLY humans may have hibernated just like bears to try and survive harsh winters.
Fossilised bone evidence has suggested that Neanderthals and ancestors that came before may have slept through the coldest months hundreds of thousands of years ago.
The fossils were found in a Spanish caveCredit: AFP – Getty
The bone fossils were found in an important cave in northern Spain called Sima de los Huesos.
They show similar signs of seasonal damage to that on the bones of animals which hibernate.
One sign of this kind of damage is lesions that form on bone when the body goes to sleep for months and the metabolism slows down.
The Spanish cave is essentially a mass grave where thousands of teeth and bone fragments have been found over the years.
Early humans may have needed to hibernate to survive the winterCredit: Reuters
The fossils date back over 400,000 years.
A study published in the journal L’Anthropologie states how the bone fossils suggest bone growth disruptions occurred for a certain amount of time each year.
The bone fossils show damage similar to the damage on bones of hibernating animalsCredit: Getty Images – Getty
The researchers wrote: “We found trabecular tunneling and osteitis fibrosa, subperiosteal resorption, ‘rotten fence post’ signs, brown tumours, subperiosteal new bone, chondrocalcinosis, rachitic osteoplaques and empty gaps between them, craniotabes, and beading of ribs mostly in the adolescent population of these hominins.
“Since many of the above lesions are pathognomonic, these extinct hominins suffered annually from renal rickets, secondary hyperparathyroidism, and renal osteodystrophy associated with Chronic Kidney Disease – Mineral and Bone Disorder (CKD-MBD).
“We suggest these diseases were caused by poorly tolerated hibernation in dark cavernous hibernacula.”
The experts think the hibernation hypothesis makes sense with the concept that these early humans would have lived during a very cold period.
They said the Neanderthals would have slept for several months “in metabolic states that helped them to survive for long periods of time in frigid conditions with limited supplies of food and enough stores of body fat”.
Many other mammals hibernate including groundhogs, hedgehogs, mice and squirrels.
Remains of ancient bears found at the Spanish site also show similar bone damage from when they would have hibernated from the harsh winters.
However, big bears don’t technically hibernate fully but enter a less deep sleep state known as torpor.
Topor can also require a lot of energy and humans may have struggled to have remained in this state without a large amount of food.
The researchers are examining all explanations for the bone lesions but hibernating early humans is still certainly a possibility.
A timeline of life on Earth
The history of the planet in years…
- 4.6billion years ago – the origin of Earth
- 3.8billion years ago – first life appears on Earth
- 2.1billion years ago – lifeforms made up of multiple cells evolve
- 1.5billion years ago – eukaryotes, which are cells that contain a nucleus inside of their membranes, emerge
- 550million years ago – first arthropods evolve
- 530million years ago – first fish appear
- 470million years ago – first land plants appear
- 380million years ago – forests emerge on Earth
- 370million years ago – first amphibians emerge from the water onto land
- 320million years ago – earliest reptiles evolve
- 230million years ago – dinosaurs evolve
- 200million years ago – mammals appear
- 150million years ago – earliest birds evolve
- 130million years ago – first flowering plants
- 100million years ago – earliest bees
- 55million years ago – hares and rabbits appear
- 30million years ago – first cats evolve
- 20million years ago – great apes evolve
- 7million years ago –first human ancestors appear
- 2million years ago – Homo erectus appears
- 300,000 years ago – Homo sapiens evolves
- 50,000 years ago – Eurasia and Oceania colonised
- 40,000 years ago – Neandethal extinction
In other archaeology news, a mummified wolf pup dating back 57,000 years has been unearthed in Canada with its fur and teeth still intact.
A secret stash of gold coins dating back to King Henry VIII’s reign have been found in an English garden.
And, an ancient elite warrior and a Greek battle helmet have been unearthed from a rock-cut tomb in Croatia.
Would you like to hibernate? Let us know in the comments…
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